[L]awyers in criminal courts are necessities, not luxuries. The right of one charged with crime to counsel may not be deemed fundamental and essential to fair trials in some countries, but it is in ours.
Justice Hugo Black, Gideon v. Wainwright
The rights guaranteed to the accused, defendants, offenders and prisoners are fundamental political rights that protect all Americans from governmental abuse of power. These rights include the guarantee against unreasonable search and seizure, the right to reasonable bail, the right to due process of law and the right to be free from cruel and unusual punishment. They are indispensable to a free society.
- September 27, 2019 NJ Abolishes ICE Agreements That Divert Law Enforcement Resources
- August 29, 2019 Woman Who Is Transgender Will Be Transferred to Women’s Prison
- August 1, 2019 ACLU-NJ Response to Newark Policing Exchange in Democratic Presidential Debate
- July 11, 2019 Gov. Murphy Signs Isolated Confinement Restriction Act into Law
- June 6, 2019 Survivors of Solitary to Testify at Hearing on Bill to Limit Solitary Confinement
- April 30, 2019 ACLU-NJ Statement on Resignation of Elizabeth Police Director
- April 2, 2019 ACLU-NJ Responds to Release of 2018 Criminal Justice Reform Full-Year Report
- March 25, 2019 Advocates Redouble Legalization Efforts After Pulled Marijuana Vote
- March 20, 2019 NJ’s Latest Cannabis Bill Advances Justice, ACLU-NJ Says
- January 30, 2019 Law Signed to Require Independent Investigations of Deaths from Police Force
- State v. Alessi
Amicus brief challenging the constitutionality of detaining without probable cause people suspected of past completed crimes.
- State v. Hyman
Amicus brief arguing that evidence of drug dealing away from a person’s home is insufficient to justify a search of the home.
- State v. Jackson
Amicus brief arguing that prosecutors must secure a warrant in order to obtain recorded jail calls.
- State v. K.S.
When can prosecutor’s delay speedy trial to ensure the same prosecutor stays on the case?
- State v. Frater, et al.
When can the State get more time to indict?
- State v. Manning
Application of emergency exception to obtain cell phone records
- State v. Hawkins
Amicus brief challenging probation revocations made by judges
- State v. Carter, Azmar
When police tell a person to stop, must the person stop?
- State v. Byrd et al.
Can a person be prosecuted in New Jersey where death occurs in New York?
- State v. A.M.
Can police obtain a Miranda waiver by asking someone to read if they have not established the person can read?
- Marijuana Legalization
Legalizes possession and personal use of small amounts of Marijuana for persons age 21 and over.
- Medical Parole Expansion
Expands eligibility of medical parole to prisoners determined to be permanently incapable for performing basic daily functions of life and in need of 24-hour medical attention; creates presumption of release; requires medical parolees be provided assistance in applying for Medicaid upon release; requires Parole board to collect data on medical parole grants and denials.
- Expungement Reform
Reduces waiting period for eligibility for expungement of certain offenses; provides for automatic expungement of charges that did not result in conviction, as well as successful drug court graduates; expands eligibility of multiple offense expungement to one indictable offense and two disorderly persons offenses.
- Comprehensive Juvenile Justice Reform
Raises the minimum age for waivers from 14 to 15; eliminates some less serious crimes from the list of offenses subject to waiver; creates presumption that waived juveniles remain housed with juveniles until age 21; provides right to counsel and enhances due process protections before juveniles can be transferred from juvenile detention centers to adult prisons; eliminates use of solitary confinement except to protect health, safety, or the operation of a facility; mandates data collection and public reporting regarding the use of waiver and solitary confinement.
- Ending Overuse of Solitary Confinement
Prohibits Department of Corrections from housing in solitary confinement people under 22, people with mental illnesses, people with developmental disabilities, and other vulnerable populations. Limits, except in emergency situations, the use of solitary confinement for other prisoners to 15 consecutive days or 20 days in any 60 day period. Mandates data collection regarding the use of solitary confinement.
- Limits on Militarization of Police – Local Approval
Requires local unit approval of applications for participation in federal 1033 program.
- Limits on Militarization of Police – AG Oversight and Reporting
equires AG oversight of transfer of federal surplus military equipment to local law enforcement agencies; establishes review and reporting requirement.
- DNA Collection for Low-Level Offenses
Requires law enforcement to collect DNA samples from adults and juveniles convicted of certain non-criminal disorderly person offenses, including shoplifting and marijuana possession. This type of expansive collection will lead to massive government databases of New Jerseyans’ DNA, raising enormous privacy and due process concerns.
- Ban the Box
Prohibits large employers in most fields from conducting a criminal history inquiry of a job applicant until after a first interview
- Bail System Reform
Moves New Jersey’s bail system to a risk-based one and away from a wealth-based system that results in thousands of people facing long pre-trial jail sentences due to inability to afford bail. A system based on actual risk to the community—not ability to pay—better protects public safety, reduces jail overcrowding, keeps families together, and saves taxpayer resources.
- Marijuana Arrests in New Jersey (100kb PDF) (2013)
- Corzine on My Mind (2009)
- ACLU-NJ Urges AG to Revisit Flawed Directive (2007)
- AG's Guidance Needed On Cops and Immigrants (2007)
- Why Sex Offender Laws Do More Harm Than Good (2006)
Can't find what you are looking for? Look in our Criminal Justice Archives.